Possible causes:

  • Through high metal burden can cause enzyme blockage (Hg, Cd, Pb)
  • Professional burden working with textiles, wood, metal or chemicals
  • Production of leather, veneers and colours, glass industry, wood, welding
  • Colour pigments ie: Chromium colours of wool and textiles
  • Chromium rubbing through the chromium nickel stainless steel pots and pans
  • Dental cement, implants, dentures
  • Ceramic
  • Using an old chromium covered scissor

Possible consequences:

  • Allergies, eczema
  • Rhinitis
  • Skin and mucous ulcers
  • Lung irritations, obstructive bronchitis, asthma
  • Liver and kidney damage
  • Immune system weakness
  • Lung cancer


  • Search for cause and avoid a new contamination
  • Heavy metal removal


  • Anderson, R.A.: Nutritional and toxicological aspects on chromium intake: an overview. In: Mertz, W. et al. (Eds.): Risk Assessment of Essential Trace Elements. ILSI Press, Washington DC 1994
  • Goyer, R.A. et al.: Metal toxicology. Academic Press, San Diego, CA (USA) 1994.
  • International Program on Chemical safety: Chromium.. Environmental Health Criteria 61.
  • World Health Organization, Geneva (1988).
  • Neuburger N. et al.: Kompendium Umweltmedizin. Medi Verlagsgesellschaft, Hamburg, (1996) 202-204.
  • Zelikoff, J.T., Thomas, P.T.: Immunotoxicology of environmental and occupational metals. Taylor & Francis, London (1998) 63-92

ORTHO-Analytic AG - http://www.orthoanalytic.ch - Switzerland (Hair analysis)  

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